The start of the recorded historical past of the northern Frederick County is closely tied to rivalry between England and France. When the first Europeans settled in the Emmitsburg area, in the early eighteenth century, the English government was casting a nervous eye at French strikes to say the interior of the American continent. France's holdings there threatened to limit English influence to the coastal strip east of the Allegheny mountains, and, thereby, stop English dominance of northern America.
To counter French encroachment, the English authorities began an active coverage of promoting settlement of the wilderness. Settlers were organized into teams of a whole bunch. The primary settlers, in the space underneath lively research by the Higher Emmitsburg Area Historic Society, have been collectively often called the Tom's Creek Hundred. Their settlement encompassed land from just north of present day Thurmont to the outdated Pennsylvania border, from the Monocacy to the Catoctin Mountains.
The Tom Indians, who occupied the Emmitsburg space, had by this time both moved westward or died from European ailments such as small pox. As a result, the land occupied by the Tom's Creek Hundred was nearly devoid of Indians and, due to this fact, ripe for settlement by the English.
Whereas the Royal government opened the land to all settlers for a nominal fee, it favored a few choose aristocrats by providing them giant tracts of land in reward for their assist of the Crown. One of many earliest land barons raise alert within the valley was John Diggs.
Diggs, a grandson of the Royal Governor of Virginia, was a rich Catholic who performed a dominant function within the sometimes-bloody border dispute between the Maryland and Pennsylvania governments. With possession of the Chesapeake and the mouth of the Susquehanna, Maryland pressed its claim of what's now middle Pennsylvania. This remained a dispute that was not settled until the Mason-Dixon line was laid out.
Diggs believed his right to land, based mostly upon his aristocratic standing, entitled him to most of northern and western Maryland. In 1732, Diggs formally claimed, though with none authority, all the vacant land on the Monocacy and its many branches, which included all of present day Emmitsburg. In July 1743, Diggs managed to receive title to 3 tracts of land within the Emmitsburg space. Diggs' land grabbing was shortly mimicked by others, albeit in a smaller trend.
Sadly for the land speculators and the settlers, the race between the French and English for the inside of the continent quickly bought out of hand. In 1754, the English weren't solely fighting the French, but their Indian allies as properly. Whereas little combating occurred in the Emmitsburg area, Indian raiding parties periodically moved by means of the realm. As a result, many settlers withdrew to the relative safety of coastal cities.
With the end of the Seven Years Struggle in Europe, during which France ceded sovereignty of the inside of North America to the English, settlers once again forged their eyes toward the wilderness. Some fled from extreme spiritual persecution, others from the oppression of civil tyranny, and nonetheless others had been attracted by the hopes of liberty underneath the milder influence of English colonial rule. But for the best part, the settlers flocked to the American continent in the hopes of abandoning the crushing poverty of their homeland and for the prospect to own land and prosper through their